Training workers for the factories of the future – Videó Lecke – Haladó

A folyamatos technikai fejlődés természetesen a gyárakat is egyre inkább érinti, ahol egyre korszerűbbé válnak a berendezések és műszerek. A technika fejlődéssel a gyárak munkaerejének is lépést kell tartania, ami komoly kihívást jelent mind a dolgozók, mind a menedzsment számára. Ebben a videó leckében betekintést nyerhet a 21. század gyárainak működésébe, és megtudhatja, hogy milyen képességekre és szaktudásra van szükség a világ legmodernebb gyáraiban. A leckéből számos munkaerőpiaccal, gyártással, és technológiával kapcsolatos angol kifejezést elsajátíthat!

A VIDEÓ TELJES SZÖVEGE:

The tech industry is expanding along with the number of jobs it's creating. According to a new report, employment in the field grew about three percent last year, to seven million workers. Now, most of the gains came from the software, cyber security and cloud computing industries, and the pay in the tech sector is more than double the national average, at nearly a hundred and nine thousand a year.

And according to that same report, it's not just California and New York that are seeing high rates of tech sector employment. Michigan and Pennsylvania are in the top ten, and that's partly because factory floors are going high-tech. That modernization means new skills are required to operate that machinery. Morgan Brennan looks at how companies are training workers for the factories of the future. She's in Grove City, Pennsylvania.

Technology, the adoption of automation, 3D printing, digitization, is fundamentally transforming factory floors, and with them, job descriptions. Take General Electric. GE has been on the forefront of this trend, as it begins to roll out its brilliant factory format, which harnesses sensors, big data software and robotics. GE workers at this Grove City Pennsylvania facility use data to assess locomotive engines, like this one, that are coming in for repair. That's a process that allows them to target specific parts, rather than do full tear downs, which is what used to happen. This shift involves transitioning from paper to the cloud, as employees scan barcodes to create a “digital thread of a machine, get acquainted with algorithms, and use devices to complete tasks once done by hand. Jamie Miller, GE’s transportation chief and an architect behind this new factory model, says it's creating a demand for skills that you may least associate with all these tech.

Traditionally, where it may have been, you know, how people can do the actual work, that's really been supplemented by, you know, a deeper look at the soft skills, a deeper look at kinda, you know, how they work in a bigger environment.

As productivity increases, and the manual labor part of the job decreases, workers must become more predictive and interactive. Especially, since long time machinists and technicians are being teamed with data analytics experts. To do all of this, GE now plans to retrain 150,000 employees, and it’s revised its recruitment protocol as well. Of a 100 recent Grove City applicants, less than 10 passed the screening to make the cut. And GE certainly isn't alone. More companies, including Siemens, Lockheed Martin, and John Deere, are investing in their workforces to retrain longtime employees, but also to develop and attract the next generation, who tend to be more comfortable with tech already. Experts say, these opportunities are crucial to bridging skills gap.

Public policy or other employer policies that stimulate that kind of ongoing learning is ultimately going to help this adaptation to the changes in the manufacturing sector.

Deloitte has estimated that three and a half million new manufacturing jobs (are) likely to be created by 2025. As many as two million could go unfilled due to the skills mismatch, making training a necessary component for the factories of the future.

SZÓSZEDET A VIDEÓHOZ:

tech industry - techológiai iparág
create jobs - munkahelyeket teremt
employment - foglalkoztatás
gains - nyereségek, növekedések
cyber security - informatikai biztonság
pay - fizetés
factory floor - egy gyárnak a munkaterülete 
(ahol a gyári munkások dolgoznak)
modernization - korszerűsítés
operate machinery - működteti a berendezéseket
adoption of automation - gépesítés, automatizálás alkalmazása
digitization - digitalizálás
job descriptions - munkakör leírásokat
on the forefront of sth - valaminek az éllovasa
roll out - bevezet
robotics - robot technológia
facility - létesítmény
locomotive engine - mozdony motor
part - alkatrész
teardown - szétszerelés
transitioning - átváltás
scan barcodes - vonalkódokat leolvas

get acquainted with something - jártassá válik valamiben
create demand - keresletet teremt
architect - tervező
supplement (by something) - valamivel kiegészít
productivity - termelékenység
manual labor - kézzel végzett munka
predictive - előrelátó
machinist - gépkezelő
technician - műszaki szakember, technikus
data analytics expert - adatelemzési szakértő
retrain - átképez, újraképez
revise - átnéz, újragondol
recruitment protocol - toborzási irányelvek
pass the screening - átmegy a szűrésen
attract the next generation - odavonzza a következő generációt
bridge skills gap - áthidalja a szakértelem szakadékot
(nagy különbséget ami a dolgozók szakértelme és a piac igényei között van)
stimulate - kivált, előidéz
adaptation to changes - alkalmazokodás a változásokhoz
estimate - megbecsül
go unfilled - betöltetlen marad
skills mismatch -a dolgozók szakértelme nem passzol a piac elvárásaihoz

GYAKORLATOK A VIDEÓBAN ELHANGZOTT LEGFONTOSABB KIFEJEZÉSEKHEZ:

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